Dry eyes

Dry eye syndrome is a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture in the eye.

Its consequences range from subtle but constant irritation to ocular inflammation of the anterior (front) tissues of the eye.



Persistent dryness, scratching and burning in your eyes

foreign body sensation, the feeling that something is in the eye.

watery eyes because the excessive dryness works to overstimulate production of the watery component of your eye's tears.

Dry eyes can become red and irritated, causing a feeling of scratchiness.


What Causes Dry Eyes?

The eye doesn't produce enough tears, or the tears have a chemical composition that causes them to evaporate too quickly.

It occurs as a part of the natural aging process.

If your home or office has air conditioning or a dry heating system, that too can dry out your eyes.

Dry eyes are also a symptom of systemic diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, rosacea or Sjogren's syndrome.

Long-term contact lens wear is another cause. Dry eye syndrome makes contact lenses feel uncomfortable, and the rubbing of the lenses against the conjunctiva seems to be a cause of dry eyes.

Incomplete closure of the eyelids, eyelid disease and a deficiency of the tear-producing glands are other causes.

Dry eye syndrome is more common in women, possibly due to hormone fluctuations. Treatment for Dry Eyes

lubricating eyedrops; Artificial tears help dry eyes feel better

If you wear contact lenses, be aware that many eye drops, especially artificial tears, cannot be used while your contacts are in your eyes. You'll need to remove them before using drops and wait 15 minutes or even longer (check the label) before reinserting the lenses.

Punctal plugs help keep moisture on the eye by keeping tears from draining too quickly.

sunglasses can help with dry eyes because they keep out wind, pollen and dust with their Airlock seal.

Drinking more water can help.

If medications are the cause of dry eyes, discontinuing the drug generally resolves the problem. But in this case, the benefits of the drug must be weighed against the side effect of dry eyes. Sometimes switching to a different type of medication alleviates the dry eye symptoms while keeping the needed treatment. In any case, never switch or discontinue your medications without consulting with your doctor first!